Paramedics and ACT mental health legislation


mental health
mental competency
informed consent
criminal law

How to Cite

Bradley EJ, Townsend R, Eburn M. Paramedics and ACT mental health legislation. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine [Internet]. 2015Sep.3 [cited 2023Feb.6];12(4). Available from:



On 15 May 2014, the Minister for Health, The Hon Katy Gallagher presented the Mental Health (Treatment and Care) Amendment Bill 2014 (‘the Bill’) to the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly (1). The Bill was subsequently passed on 30 October 2014. One recommendation contained in the proposed Bill is to extend powers of apprehension, which are currently only held by police officers, to approved ACT paramedics. The power may be exercised without regard to the patient’s decision making capacity. This paper explores some of the legal and ethical issues associated with the proposed legislation.


This paper reviews the Bill in light of underlying legal and ethical principles that are relevant to the treatment of the mentally ill and paramedic practice.


It is demonstrated that there are arguments both in favour of, and against the proposal to grant paramedics powers of apprehension.


Whether allowing paramedics to detain a person who is mentally ill will work in the best interests of the patients remains to be seen but caution must be exercised to protect the paramedic/patient relationship.


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