The structure and characteristics of Anglo-American paramedic systems in developed countries: A scoping review protocol

Timothy Makrides, Linda Ross, Cameron Gosling, Peter O'Meara

Abstract


Introduction

Paramedicine has undergone significant change in the past two decades. While the Anglo-American paramedic system continues to grow there appears to be a dearth of published literature regarding modern categorisation of this evolving paramedic system. The objective of this scoping review is to examine and map the existing evidence to provide an overview of the characteristics and structural similarities and differences of Anglo-American paramedic systems in English-speaking developed countries.

Methods

Databases, including Embase, MEDLINE, Web of Science, EBSCOhost, CINAHL, Google Scholar and Epistemonikos, will be searched from inception. A grey literature search strategy has also been developed to identify non-indexed relevant literature. Citations and references of included studies will also be searched. Two reviewers will undertake title and abstract screening, followed by full text screening. Data extraction will be conducted using a customised instrument. Inclusion criteria: results examining management, leadership or governance in paramedicine related to the Anglo-American paramedic model in English-speaking developed countries will be included in the review. Included studies will be summarised using narrative synthesis structured around themes of management, leadership and governance in paramedicine.


Keywords


ambulance; characteristic; EMS; paramedic; structure

Full Text:

PDF

References


Givati A, Markham C, Street K. The bargaining of professionalism in emergency care practice: NHS paramedics and higher education. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract 2018;23:353-69.

Colbeck M. The Australasian consultant paramedic – an idea whose time has come. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2014;11.

O’Meara P, Wingrove G, Nolan M. Clinical leadership in paramedic services: a narrative synthesis. International Journal of Health Governance 2017;22:251-68.

National Association of EMSP, National Association of State EMSO. Medical Direction for operational emergency medical services programs. Prehosp Emerg Care 2010;14:544.

Wankhade PP, Mackway-Jones K, editors. Ambulance services: leadership and management perspectives. Springer Nature Switzerland, 2015.

Paramedic registration great for emergency ambulance services in NZ [press release]. Online, 05 November 2019. Available at: www.wfa.org.nz/about-us/news/paramedic-registration-great-for-emergency-ambulance-services-in-nz/

Reed B, Cowin L, O’Meara P, Wilson I. Professionalism and professionalisation in the discipline of paramedicine. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine 2019;16.

O’Meara P, Wingrove G, McKeage M. Self-regulation and medical direction. International Journal of Health Governance 2018;23:233-42.

World Economic Situations & Prospects Report. Online: United Nations, Secretariat EAaPDEotDoEaSAotUN; 2019. Available at: www.un.org/development/desa/dpad/publication/world-economic-situation-and-prospects-2019/

Peters MDJ, Godfrey C, McInerney P, et al. Scoping Reviews 2017. In: Joanna Briggs Institute Reviewer’s Manual [Internet]. The Joanna Briggs Institute. Available at: https://reviewersmanual.joannabriggs.org/

Munn Z, Peters MDJ, Stern C, et al. Systematic review or scoping review? Guidance for authors when choosing between a systematic or scoping review approach. BMC Med Res Methodol 2018;18:143.

Levac D, Colquhoun H, O’Brien KK. Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implement Sci 2010;5:69.

Bramer WM, Rethlefsen ML, Kleijnen J, Franco OH. Optimal database combinations for literature searches in systematic reviews: a prospective exploratory study. Syst Rev 2017;6:245-.

Booth A. Searching for qualitative research for inclusion in systematic reviews: a structured methodological review. ibid. 2016;5:74.

Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Med 2009;6:e1000097.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33151/ajp.17.787

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Australasian College of Paramedicine © 2020                           ISSN: 2202-7270

 

Crossref Member Badge